Gepubliceerd op 6 maart 2024 om 17:21

Today we'll be talking about the 6 levels of fluency and what they consist of, each level. 

Between 1989 and 1996 the Council of Europe developed as part of the project ‘Language Learning for European Citizenship’ the guideline ‘Common European Framework of Reference for Languages’ (abbreviated in English as CEFR). This guideline is used to describe achievements of learners of foreign languages across Europe (and in other countries as well). Its main aim is to provide a method of learning, teaching and assessing which applies to all language in Europe, including the Dutch language. In November 2001, a European Union Council Resolution recommended using the CEFR to set up systems of validation of language ability. The six reference levels are becoming widely accepted as the European standard for grading an individual’s language proficiency.

With a lot of research and some self proclaimed answers I've gather some information on what you should know per level. 


Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce themselves and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where someone lives, people they know and things they have. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.

Word count: 1.000

Verbs: Present Tense and Imperative

Sentence structure: General sentences, yes/no questions and denial


Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. Can describe in simple terms aspects of their background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.

Word count: 2.200

Verbs: Imperfectum, Perfectum, reflexive and separable verbs

Sentence structure: Conjuctions 


Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken. Can produce simple connected text on topics, which are familiar, or of personal interest. Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.

Word count: 4.400

Verbs: Usage of "zouden" and Plusquamperfectum

Sentence structure: (om) te + infinitive, more conjunctions and passive sentences


Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in their field of specialisation. Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party. Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

Word count: 7.000

Verbs: Participium presens and Future Simple/Perfect

Sentence structure: usage of more then two verbs and infinitive replacement


Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning. Can express themself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.

Word count: 12.000

Verbs: Conditional (Perfect)

Sentence Structure: Formal/Polite writing and usage of Determiners


Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read. Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. Can express themself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in more complex situations.

Word count: 20.000+

Verbs: -

Sentence structure: All conditionals, mixed and advanced forms and clauses





Of course today's blog could be even more detailed, but so far this is all the information I could give you. I hope with time and experience, I would be able to make this even more detailed, so there would be no panic left of how to start/continue;)!

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